THAI Flag of Thailand

Please also see Improving Thai Braille: Word Endlings

TABLE DESIGNATOR

tha

This page describes the internal functioning of the respective DBT translation table. If you want more information about languages, scripts, and template choices, please click here.

The initial language table for a translation is determined by the selected template, and may be changed using the Document / Translation Tables menu. Using those menus does not involve explicit use of the table designator. However, to switch to a different translation table partway through a file, one must enter a DBT code and the designator for the table to switch to. For switching secondary languages within a base language table, see the [lng~X] command. For switching from one base language to another, see the [lnb~...] command.

FUNCTIONAL SUMMARY

The Thai tables support print-to-braille translation of Thai-language literary text into uncontracted Thai braille.

Uncontracted English is also supported. Technical (mathematics and computer) notation is generally transcribed as in Unified English Braille (UEB).

BRAILLE to PRINT (also known as Back-translation)

Braille-to-print translation is supported for this language. However Braille-to-print translation may not be perfect, therefore errors could occur. If you find any errors or have suggestions, please send both the *.dxb and *.dxp files along with an explanation to: languages@duxsys.com (Please be sure to include sample files).

SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS AND LIMITATIONS

Although DBT Win DBT 11.1 and later are able to display accented letter combinations and many non-Roman scripts, it is nevertheless often more convenient to use Microsoft Word for entering and editing print text, which can then be imported into DBT for subsequent translation. When preparing the text in Word, be sure to use a Unicode font (such as Lucida Sans or the default Times Roman), so that the underlying characters are encoded in Unicode. (Note that the appearance on screen is not the issue. Fonts that merely cause standard ASCII characters to be displayed as the desired accented or non-Roman letters will not work, because they will be imported according to their standard interpretation, not their appearance.)

True braille-to-print translation is not supported. This means that it is not generally useful to translate an Thai braille file to print. It also means that the "translated line" will typically contain gibberish when viewing the braille file. You may prefer to turn off the "translated line" under the View menu, or even under Global/Default if you wish it to be off by default.

SECONDARY LANGUAGES SUPPORTED

Roman script is generally transcribed as in Unified English Braille (UEB).

There are no secondary languages supported within the Thai table itself; however it is possible to switch to any of the available translation tables listed in DBT. (See the [lnb~...] code below.)

TECHNICAL BRAILLE CODES SUPPORTED

Technical (mathematics, computer, or scientific) notation is generally transcribed as in Unified English Braille (UEB). It is also possible to switch to any of the available translation tables listed in DBT (see the [lnb~...] code below), many of which do support various technical codes, such as for mathematics or computer notation, or which support “unified” treatment of technical notation as well as literary text in the base language associated with the table.

SUPPORTED DBT TRANSLATION CODES

The following DBT translation codes are available when using the Thai table. Codes related to the entry of type forms, mathematics, etc. as in the English/Unified tables may also be used and will generally be treated in the same way. Any other translation codes used will be ignored, or indeed may cause unexpected results. If using an alternative translation table, i.e when switching to another base language table by means of the[lnb~...] code, please refer to the relevant topic and available codes for that table.

[cz]

[lnb]

[lnb~...] (for switching to another base [primary] language table)

[tx]

CHARACTERS SUPPORTED

The table is designed to work with the following groups of characters:

All ASCII printable characters

Thai letters and punctuation marks

Mathematical signs, shapes, etc. (DUSCI pages D+df..., D+e2..., D+e5..., D+ef..., D+f0..., D+f1...)

The above is a general guide only (see "General Notes" section under the main “Language Translation Tables” topic).

REFERENCES, HISTORY AND CREDITS

The Thai tables support print-to-braille translation of Thai-language literary text into uncontracted braille. It is based on matching the characters found in the Unicode standard with World Braille Useage, 1990 and The Wikipedia article on Thai Braille at en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thai_Braille

We came into contact with Wiraman Niyomphol. He identified the countless times that the character ordering of Unicode conflicted with the character ordering of braille. These have been fixed in the present translator.

One major problem with the Thai translator is line endings. Thai braille does not use spaces to show word divisions. But without spaces, Duxbury DBT does not know how to divide lines into words. We await a solution to this issue. We welcome comments to improve these tables.

(Documentation reviewed June 2010)